When a person is diagnosed with pancreatitis, it is an inflammatory process in the pancreas, organ dysfunction, and impaired enzyme production.
The mainstay of treatment in this case is proper nutrition. With strict observance of all the criteria of the diet, the pancreas will soon function normally, the secretion of the organ outside will decrease.
Sometimes it is not possible to determine the exact cause of the inflammation.
Here's basically a detailed list of what to eat for pancreatitis. It is best to follow the tips and tricks for the first 2-3 months to avoid the attack from happening again.
You need to know that you need to eat in small portions 6 times a day. All food should be almost cold. All vegetables are boiled and grated, mashed potatoes are recommended, it is better to scroll the meat in minced meat. Porridge should be eaten 1 time a day, salt the food a little.
Of course, when returning from the hospital, many people have the question of what to cook for pancreatitis when the list of acceptable foods is rather limited and many delicious dishes are banned by the doctor. Don't panic and get upset - there are plenty of useful recipes that can add variety to any strict diet.
As you can see, in the diet for pancreatic pancreatitis, all dishes are made from lean meat and fish - and then only in the cooked version. Fried foods are strictly prohibited. You can eat dairy products with a minimum amount of fat. It is advisable to use only natural juices, compotes, tea and fruit drinks made from liquidto drink
Should be completely deleted:
What do doctors recommend for patients with pancreatitis:
With acute pancreatitis, you have to starve to death for a few days, just drink a lot of mineral water without gas, a decoction of rose hips or weak tea is allowed.
In the most acute stage of the disease with severe pain syndrome and signs of significant digestive disorders, short-term therapeutic fasting can be used. This recommendation was made by doctors of the past centuries who, with acute pancreatitis, prescribed their patients cold (in the area of the inflamed organ), hunger and physical rest. During this period, a non-irritating, fortified and alkaline drink is allowed, if necessary, parenteral (intravenous) nutrition is prescribed. However, the use of enzymes during this time is inconvenient because the intestines simply do not receive food to be digested.
Fasting for acute pancreatitis usually lasts 2-3 days. During this time the symptoms subside, which makes it possible to gradually switch to dietary foods:
The diet from the first days after the end of the fast is supplemented by the use of enzyme preparations. In this way, you can partially compensate for the lack of its own enzymes in the pancreas in order to avoid overloading them. This is especially important when consuming fatty foods.
The diet against pancreatitis is the most important treatment moment during an exacerbation. It contributes to the gradual normalization of the inflamed pancreas and the entire digestive tract. And the prescribed drugs help cope with the symptoms, partially relieve the affected organ and compensate for the relative lack of enzymes.
The diet menu for acute pancreatitis is very diverse. Let's put together a rough diet menu for a day. The number of meals should be at least four per day. Do not forget that you need to drink at least two liters of water a day. The amount of food consumed per day should not exceed three kilograms.
The menu turned out to be big, tasty and healthy. When creating the menu, you need to remember all the rules described above. Then the menu and diet will turn out to be very healthy, tasty and satisfying.
In this case, you need to constantly monitor your diet to rule out the occurrence of pain attacks. Very often, it is nutritional errors that make pancreatic disease worse. A properly chosen diet will reduce the number of exacerbations during the progression of inflammation.
A person suffering from chronic pancreatitis should exclude easily digestible carbohydrates: honey, sugar, candy, hard candy, soda, and very fatty foods. This is due to the fact that in the presence of pancreatitis, the absorption of fats is significantly impaired. Better stick to fractionated meals.
What is allowed in the menu:
As with the exacerbation, saturated broths, pork and lamb, fried, smoked, fatty and canned are prohibited. Unacceptable high quality sausages, caviar, chocolate, pickles and marinades, condiments and spices. It is undesirable to eat mushrooms, raw cabbage, spinach, sorrel, beets and radishes, as well as legumes and sour fruits. It is better to refuse to bake very hot or cold dishes. Don't drink soda or eat ice cream. Alcohol is also strictly prohibited.
Food with pancreatitis should always be warm, food that is too hot and cold should be thrown away. The menu is always dominated by high-protein foods, and carbohydrates and fats are kept to a minimum. It is forbidden to eat foods that contain too many acids.
By steaming in the oven it is possible to protect the pancreas and the digestive tract as much as possible from chemical and mechanical damage. It is also useful to cook and chop food before using it.
Doctors insist that you avoid foods that are high in coarse fiber. The average daily calorie content should be within two thousand calories. In addition, they drink at least 1. 5 liters of clean water. You need to rely on a warm, mineralized drink.
The chemical composition of the daily menu is as follows:
There are two options for Nutrition Table # 5. If a diabetic is diagnosed with an acute form of the disease, he is assigned Table 5a and for the chronic form Table 5b is shown.
Diet No. 5a calls for the use of no more than 1700 calories per day. All meals are served to the patient in a carefully wiped form. Completely exclude products that promote the secretion function of the pancreas. In addition to the basic chemical composition, there are strict restrictions on kitchen salt - a maximum of 10 grams per day.
You should eat fractionated at least 6 times a day and always keep to a certain period of time. The duration of such a nutritional plan is prescribed to a diabetic depending on the severity of the pancreatitis, but on average it is at least 7 days.
Table 5b regulates 2700 calories per day, and the chemical composition of the dishes is as follows:
The difference in this table is that brews and brews are excluded. This is necessary to reduce the secretion produced by the pancreas. The food is also served grated.
Children's diet depends on the type of disease. With chronic pancreatitis, a small patient at the stage of exacerbation of the disease should adhere to the strictest diet. When the pain syndrome subsides, you can switch to a thrifty option. Unfortunately, the chronic form of pancreatitis imposes lifelong dietary restrictions.
For a child with acute pancreatitis, a strict diet is prescribed for a month. Diet No. 5 is the most effective nutritional system that will allow you to completely get rid of a terrible diagnosis in five years.
Diet should be done very carefully, as small deviations delay the healing process.
The diet for reactive pancreatitis in children is followed for at least two weeks after the onset of the disease. In this case, don't restrict the child too much. For complete healing, it is enough to adhere to the principles of proper nutrition for the age-appropriate baby.
Regardless of the stage of the disease, the following must be completely excluded from the menu:
With the diet for reactive pancreatitis in a child, you can do the following diet: